AIX System Administration: Part One

Course:  AIXADM1
Duration:  3 Days
Level:  II
Course Summary

This three day course is designed to introduce students to the processes and tools required to administer an AIX system, including installation, user/group administration, storage management, security, and backup and recovery. The course is suitable for AIX 5.x, 6.x, and 7.x, covering both pSeries and BladeCenter platforms.

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Topics Covered In This Course

Introduction and Review

  • AIX - A Brief History
  • Hardware Platforms
  • Components of the UNIX Operating System
  • UNIX File System
  • Listing Directories
  • Creating Files
  • Displaying Files
  • Directories
  • Pathnames
  • Moving Around Directories
  • Shell Processing
  • Input/Output Redirection
  • Using Pipe
  • Searching for a Pattern with grep
  • Finding Files
  • User Security
  • Editing in UNIX

AIX Documentation

  • Manual Pages 2
  • Browsable Manual Pages (AIX V5.1 & 5.2
  • AIX Information Centre (AIX V5.3 onwards)
  • Web -based Documentation
  • AIX Message Centre
  • Hardware Documentation Redbooks

Adminstration Interfaces

  • Using SMIT
  • Main Menu
  • Function Key Usage in SMIT
  • Movement within Dialogue Screens
  • SMIT Screen Types
  • Sub-Menu
  • Selection Screen
  • Command Status Screen
  • Pop-Up Screen
  • Dialogue Screen
  • SMIT and CDE
  • Web Based System Manager (WebSM)
  • Systems Director Console

Starting and Stopping the System

  • Hardware Overview
  • Startup Overview
  • Operator Panel (Older Systems)
  • Power On Switch
  • Key Mode (Physical) Switch
  • Three Digit (LED) Display - RS6000
  • LCD Display (16*2-rows-characters) - P/Series
  • Reset Button
  • Problem Determination 7
  • System Management Services ("Newer Systems")
  • Normal IPL
  • Run Levels
  • The /etc/inittab File
  • Multi-User State
  • The /etc/rc File
  • Commands associated with /etc/inittab
  • The alog command
  • The bootinfo command
  • System Shutdown
  • The Sync Command
  • The Shutdown Command

System Configuration

  • Setting the Timezone
  • Setting the System Time & Date
  • Changing the System Name
  • Establishing Basic Network Settings
  • Setting the Number of Licenesed Users
  • Configuration Assistant and Installation Assistant

User Registration

  • User Login Account
  • Adding a User
  • The /etc/passwd file
  • The /etc/group file
  • Priviliged Users and Groups
  • mkuser Command
  • Sample /etc/security/user File
  • Sample /etc/security/login.cfg File
  • Sample /etc/security/passwd File
  • Change User Characteristics
  • Removing a User From the System
  • rmuser Command
  • The User Environment
  • Communicating with Users
  • SMIT and User Management

Disk Management

  • The disk
  • Logical Volume Manager
  • Physical Volume
  • Listing, Adding Physical Volumes
  • Volume Groups
  • Listing Volume Groups
  • Creating, Extending Volume Groups
  • Logical Volumes
  • Listing Logical Volumes
  • Make Logical Volume
  • Extend Logical Volume
  • Mirror a Logical Volume
  • SMIT and Logical Volume Manager

File Systems

  • File Systems
  • Journaled File System
  • The jfs2 Filesystem
  • The Encrypted Filesytem (Version 6.1 onwards
  • File System Components
  • File Allocation
  • File System Creation
  • Sample /etc/filesystems File
  • Listing a File System
  • Mount the Filesystem
  • Change File System Characteristics
  • Unmount the Filesystem
  • File System Check
  • Removing the File System
  • Creating a RAM Filesystem
  • Using a DVD-RAM for a Filesystem
  • Special Files
  • FIFO Special Files
  • Block Device Files
  • Character Device Files
  • Disk Usage Commands
  • Monitoring Disk Usage

Devices

  • Object Data Manager
  • Device Dependencies
  • Device States
  • Device Location Codes 6
  • Device File Creation
  • List Devices
  • Change Device Characteristics
  • Remove Devices
  • Adding a Device Using SMIT

Printer Administration

  • Changes at AIX Version 5
  • Print Queues
  • Queue Set-up
  • The /etc/qconfig File
  • Make Queue
  • Make Queue Device
  • Virtual Printers
  • Command Comparison
  • Using Enq Command For Queue Management
  • Using Enq Command For Requests
  • Printer Related Commands
  • Line Printer Status
  • Printing Files
  • Cancel Print Request
  • Enable Printer
  • Disable Printer
  • Printer Management Using SMIT
  • System V Print Subsystem

Processes and Task Scheduling

  • Processes
  • Report Process Status
  • /proc Filesystem
  • Allocating Priority
  • Changing Priority
  • Kill a Process
  • The Nohup Command
  • Scheduling Tasks
  • Files and Directories used by Cron
  • The Crontab Command
  • Format of the Crontab File
  • The at Command
  • The batch Command

Basic Performance Monitoring

  • The Dimensions of System Performance
  • Virtual Memory
  • Listing Paging Spaces
  • Adding Paging Space
  • Monitoring memory Usage
  • I/O Usage
  • Processes

Archiving and Securing the System

  • Backups
  • Pathname Considerations
  • CPIO Out
  • CPIO In 6
  • Tar Command
  • Backup Command
  • Restore Command
  • savevg/restvg Commands
  • Creating a Bootable Backup to a Tape Device
  • Restore From a Bootable Backup
  • Creating a Bootable Backup to CD or DVD devices

Software Installation & Emergency Recovery

  • General Overview
  • Preparing for Installation
  • Software Installation
  • AIX Packaging
  • Software Product Identification
  • Methods of Installation
  • Booting From Installation Media
  • Installation/Configuration Assistant
  • The OS Graphical Installer (Version 6.1)
  • Accessing a System That Will Not Boot
  • System Recovery Using a mksysb Tape/CD
  • Installation Concepts
  • Using lslpp to List Software
  • Using installp to Install Software
  • Downloading Software
  • Software Maintenance
What You Can Expect

On completion of the course, delegates will be able to support a multi-platform AIX installation. Attendees will have a fundamental knowledge of AIX and be able to use many of the more advanced facilities.

Who Should Take This Course

Those who need to expand their basic knowledge of AIX to enable them to successfully administer activities to be undertaken within the AIX environment.

Recommended Prerequisites

Delegates should have a basic understanding of UNIX or Linux and ideally some experience in the workplace. Attendance in our Unix/Linux: The Essentials course is recommended. Knowledge of a standard UNIX editor (e.g. vi) is required.

Training Style

This course is highly interactive with plenty of theory reinforced with extensive practical workshop sessions.

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Details

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