Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Programming

Course:  SSPRG
Duration:  5 Days
Level:  I
Course Summary

This 5 day course is intended for students new to querying with Microsoft SQL Server products and who need a total immersion in the subject on this latest release. This is a comprehensive and intensive course with plenty of illustrated examples and augmented with practical hands-on exercises. For the more experienced SQL Server developer, this course can be tailored to include only the material required. The Appendix module(s) detailed in the outline are included in the course material but are not delivered as part of the training due to time constraints. However, as this course is fully modularised, an Appendix module could be swapped out with any one of the main modules of comparable size and duration if so desired.

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Topics Covered In This Course

Introduction to SQL Server Management Studio

  • Identifying the Elements of SQL Server Management Studio
  • Objects in a SQL Server Database
  • Database Diagrams
  • Components of a SQL Server Database Table
  • Native SQL Server Data Types
  • Executing a Query in SQL Server Management Studio
  • Introduction to SQLCMD

Introduction to SQL and Transact-SQL

  • ANSI SQL vs. T-SQL (Transact-SQL)
  • Categories of SQL Statements
  • T-SQL Scripts
  • Using Batches
  • Adding Comments to T-SQL Code
  • Working with Variables
  • Conditional Statements

Using the SELECT Statement to Retrieve Data

  • Examine the Basic Syntax of the SELECT Statement
  • Retrieving Columns of Data from a Table
  • Using Aliases for Column Names
  • Using Aliases for Table Names

Retrieving Specific Rows of Data Using the WHERE Clause

  • How to Use the WHERE Clause
  • Overview of Operators
  • Filter Data by Using Comparison Operators
  • Filter Data by Using String Comparisons
  • Filter Data by Using Logical Operators
  • Filter Data Using a Range of Values
  • Filter Data Using a List of Values
  • Working with NULL Values
  • Introducing Native SQL Server Functions
  • Functions Relating to NULL Values

Formatting and Sorting Result Sets

  • Sorting Data Using the ORDER BY Clause
  • Eliminating Duplicate Rows
  • Using String Literals
  • Using Expressions

Querying Data from Multiple Tables by Using Joins

  • Introduction to Joins
  • Using Inner Joins
  • Using Outer Joins
  • Using Cross Joins
  • Joining More than Two Tables
  • Joining a Table to Itself
  • Using Non-Equi Joins
  • How to Join a Table to a User-Defined Function

Inserting Data into Tables

  • Inserting a Single Row into a Table
  • Inserting Multiple Rows into a Table
  • Inserting Values into Identity Columns
  • Differentiating Various INSERT Statements
  • Using the OUTPUT Clause with the INSERT Statement

Deleting Data from Tables

  • Deleting Rows from a Table
  • Truncating a Table
  • Deleting Rows Based on Data in Other Tables
  • Using the OUTPUT Clause with the DELETE Statement

Updating Data in Tables

  • Updating Rows in a Table
  • Updating Rows Based on Data in Other Tables
  • Using the OUTPUT Clause with the UPDATE Statement

Transactions and Locking

  • What Is a Transaction?
  • How SQL Server Modifies Data in Tables
  • Managing Transactions
  • Nested Transactions
  • Transaction Isolation Levels
  • SQL Server Locking Architecture
  • Managing Locks

Working with SQL Server Date and Time Data

  • Data Type Precedence
  • Implicit Data Type Conversions
  • Querying and Modifying Date and Time Data
  • Using the New SQL Server 2008 Date and Time Data Types

Querying XML Data

  • Introduction to XML
  • How SQL Server Implements XML
  • Generating XML Based Reports with FOR XML
  • Querying XML by Using OpenXML
  • Introduction to XQuery
  • Querying XML by Using XQuery
  • Querying Relational Data Combined with XML Data
  • XML Indexes
  • XML Schemas

Summarizing Data Using Aggregate Functions

  • Using Aggregate Functions Native to SQL Server
  • Using Aggregate Functions with NULL Values
  • Grouping Summarized Data with GROUP BY
  • Filtering Grouped Data Using the HAVING Clause
  • Using the ROLLUP and CUBE Operators
  • Using the COMPUTE Clause
  • How to Implement Custom Aggregate Functions

Ranking Grouped Data

  • Ranking Data Using Ranking Functions
  • Using ROW_NUMBER
  • Using RANK
  • Using DENSE_RANK
  • Using NTILE
  • Summary of Ranking Functions Based on Their Functionality

Combining and Limiting Result Sets

  • Combining Result Sets Using the UNION Operator
  • Limiting Result Sets Using the EXCEPT and
  • INTERSECT Operators
  • Identifying the Order of Precedence of UNION,
  • EXCEPT, and INTERSECT
  • Limiting Result Sets Using the TOP Operator
  • Limiting Result Sets Using the TABLESAMPLE Operator

Working with Subqueries

  • Introduction to Subqueries
  • Using Subqueries as Expressions and Derived Tables
  • Using the ANY, ALL, and SOME Operators
  • Scalar versus Tabular Subqueries
  • Using Correlated Subqueries
  • Using the EXISTS Clause with Correlated Subqueries
  • Using the APPLY Operator
  • Subqueries versus Joins
  • Subqueries versus Temporary Tables

Performance Considerations for Writing

  • Queries
  • How SQL Server Processes T-SQL Queries
  • How the Query Optimizer Processes Search Arguments
  • Writing Efficient Search Arguments

Crosstab Queries

  • Using the PIVOT Operator
  • Using the UNPIVOT Operator

Common Table Expressions

  • Introduction to Common Table Expressions
  • Using Common Table Expressions
  • Recursive Queries Using Common Table Expressions
  • Techniques for Querying Hierarchical Data

Implementing Views

  • Overview of Views
  • Creating and Modifying a View
  • Considerations When Creating Views
  • Examining the Impact of Using SELECT * in Views
  • Restrictions for Modifying Data by Using Views
  • Using Views to Optimise Performance
  • Indexed Views
  • Partitioned Views

Implementing Stored Procedures

  • Overview of Stored Procedures
  • How Stored Procedures Are Executed by SQL Server
  • Creating and Using a Simple Stored Procedure
  • Parameterising Stored Procedures

Error Handling

  • Using @@ERROR
  • Using RAISERROR
  • Using TRY...CATCH

Implementing User Defined Functions

  • Overview of User Defined Functions (UDFs)
  • Creating and Modifying UDFs
  • Restrictions When Creating UDFs
  • Implementing Different Types of UDFs
  • Performance Consideration for Using User-Defined Functions
  • Controlling Execution Context

Implementing Triggers

  • Overview of Triggers
  • How Triggers Work
  • AFTER Triggers
  • INSTEAD OF Triggers
  • Overview of DDL Triggers

Appendix 1. Querying Metadata

  • Different Categories of Data
  • Grouping Concepts Related to Different Categories of Data
  • Understanding Metadata
  • Querying Metadata by Using SQL Server Views
  • Querying Metadata by Using SQL Server Commands

Appendix 2. Distributed Queries

  • Overview of Distributed Queries
  • Writing Ad Hoc Distributed Queries
  • Creating a Linked Server
  • Creating a Distributed Query Using a Linked Server
What You Can Expect

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Use SQL Server Management Studio
  • Understand the Syntax of Transact-SQL
  • Retrieve, Filter and Sort Data
  • Query Data from Multiple Tables by Using Joins
  • Summarize and Rank Grouped Data
  • Combine and Limit Result Sets
  • Work with Subqueries
  • Understand Query Performance Issues
  • Use Crosstab Queries
  • Use Common Table Expressions
  • Modify Data with INSERT, DELETE and UPDATE
  • Understand and Implement Transactions
  • Understand SQL Server 2008 Locks
  • Work with the SQL Server 2008 Date and Time Data Types
  • Query and Work with XML Data in SQL Server 2008
  • Create and Manage Views
  • Create and Manage Stored Procedures
  • Handle Errors in Transact-SQL Code
  • Create and Manage User Defined Functions
  • Create and Manage Triggers
Recommended Prerequisites

Students should ideally be familiar with basic programming concepts, and

understand the fundamental design of relational databases and the concept of data normalization.

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